Fast growing peach trees, will reward you with golden peaches, in just a few years
Peach trees are grown from seed. It takes three or four years to go from the seedling stage to a fruit-producing tree. Most people don’t want to wait that long. They turn to garden nurseries to purchase young trees that can be transplanted to your garden. This small peach tree will still need to grow another year or two to get the first crop of peaches.
Once your new peach tree is planted, it should grow quickly. Staking the tree in its first year of life protects it from Strong winds which can bend the young sapling, causing the trunk to grow at an angle. Really strong winds might even cause the tree to sway and damage roots.
Fruit tree fertilizer spikes are a great way to boost the growth of your new peach tree. The spike slowly releases a fertilizer specifically formulated for fruit trees.
The size and number of peaches is dependent upon a number of things. As a rule of thumb, more peaches on a tree, results in smaller individual fruit. Sometimes, Mother Nature pollinates a profusion of blooms. Sometimes frost nips a portion of the blooms. However, in a good year, it is possible that so many peaches are on the tree, that the size of the fruit is small. Growers can compensate for this, by removing a few of the baby peaches very early in the season. Should you do this? Probably not in your first few years of growing, as you do not have the experience to judge if there are too many peaches on the tree. But, we do recommend removing any peaches that are damaged by insects, leaving good peaches to grow even bigger.
Peach pruning should NOT be avoided. If left unpruned, peach trees weaken, get diseased, and bear less fruit every year. Peaches bloom and bear fruit on second-year wood; therefore, the trees need to make good growth each spring and summer to insure a crop for the next year. Each winter, a large number of red 18- to 24-inch shoots need to be present as fruiting wood. If the trees are not pruned annually, the fruiting shoots move higher and higher, becoming out of reach. Alternate-year pruning results in excessive growth the year following heavy pruning, so annual, Peaches are harvested when they are fully ripe from late June through July and August.
With peaches, it’s especially important to harvest at the RIGHT time.
Though this timing depends on what type of peach variety, you can generally go by the color of the fruit. When peaches are fully ripe, the ground color of the fruit changes from green to completely yellow. No green should be left on the fruit. They should come off the tree with only a slight twist. The fruits found on the top and outside of the tree usually ripen first.
Be careful when picking your peaches because some varieties bruise very easily. Moderate pruning is essential for the long-term control of tree vigor and fruiting wood.
For consultancy services on fruits farming, planting, management and marketing of the produce, call us on 0712 075 915 / 0783 710 808 or visit our offices in Nairobi (Hermes house opposite KTDA, Tom Mboya street) or Eldoret (opposite veecam house).
our website is www.oxfarmorganic.co.ke