Smart agriculture is the concept of doing farming a modern way, there are a lot of methods which are adopted in farming so that the yield grows and increases the production. Modern farming is improving and evolving for the purpose of commercialization of crops
Smart Agriculture aims to enhance the capacity of the agricultural systems to support food security, incorporating the need for adaptation and the potential for mitigation into sustainable agriculture development strategies.
SA proposes more integrated approaches to the closely linked challenges of food security, development and climate change adaptation/mitigation, to enable countries to identify options with maximum benefits and those where trade-offs need management.
SA is an approach for developing agricultural strategies to secure sustainable food security under climate change. SA provides the means to help stakeholders from local to national and international levels identify agricultural strategies suitable to their local conditions.
To cope with the challenges of climate change, crop production must adapt (e.g. crop varietal selection, plant breeding, cropping patterns and ecosystem management approaches) and become resilient to changes (frequency and intensity).
SMART FARMING TECHNOLOGIES
The intelligent farm includes the use of technology such as:
- Sensors for soil scanning and water, light, humidity and temperature management.
- Telecommunications technologies such as advanced networking and GPS.
- Hardware and software for specialized applications, robotics and automation.
- Data analytics tools for decision making and prediction. Data collection is a significant part of smart farming as the quantity of data available from crop yields, soil-mapping, climate change, fertilizer applications, weather data, machinery and animal health continues to escalate.
- Satellites and drones for gathering data around the clock for an entire field. This information is forwarded to IT systems for tracking and analysis to give an “eye in the field” or “eye in the barn” that makes remote monitoring possible.
BENEFITS OF SMART FARMING
By making farming more connected and intelligent, smart farming:
- helps reduce overall costs and improve the quality and quantity of products, the sustainability of agriculture and the experience for the consumer.
- Increasing control over production leads to better cost management and waste reduction.
- The ability to trace anomalies in crop growth or livestock health, for instance, helps eliminate the risk of losing yields. Additionally, automation boosts efficiency.
- Reduced Environmental Footprint. All conservation efforts such as water usage and increased production per land unit directly affect the environmental footprint positively.
- Remote Monitoring. Local and commercial farmers can monitor multiple fields in multiple locations around the globe from an internet connection. Decisions can be made in real-time and from anywhere.
- Equipment Monitoring. Farming equipment can be monitored and maintained according to production rates, labor effectiveness and failure prediction.
- With smart devices, multiple processes can be activated at the same time, and automated services enhance product quality and volume by better controlling production processes.
- Water Conservation. Weather predictions and soil moisture sensors allow for water use only when and where needed.
- Smart farming systems also enable careful management of the demand forecast and delivery of goods to market just in time to reduce waste. Precision agriculture is focused on managing the supply of land and, based on its condition, concentrating on the right growing parameters – for example, moisture, fertilizer or material content – to provide production for the right crop that is in demand. The types of smart farming systems implemented depend on the use of software for the management of the business. Control systems manage sensor input, delivering remote information for supply and decision support, in addition to the automation of machines and equipment for responding to emerging issues and production support.